Category Archives: CAFC

Federal Circuit affirms TTAB in case: Internet/website cookies did not constitute offering ‘software’ in commerce

Last week, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) ruled on an appeal of a TTAB decision in Lens.Com, Inc. v. 1-800 Contacts, Inc. (11-1258; August 03, 2012). acquired a USPTO trademark registration for LENS for use with “computer software featuring programs used for electronic ordering of contact lenses in the field of ophthalmology, optometry and opticianry.” Procedural history: “1-800 Contacts filed Cancellation No. 92,049,925 alleging that fraudulently obtained or alternatively abandoned the mark LENS under the ’334 Registration because never sold or otherwise engaged in the trade of computer software. 1-800 Contacts filed a motion for summary judgment on the claim of abandonment, which the Board granted.”

The CAFC sustained the ruling of the TTAB. In short, “’s software is merely the conduit through which it renders its online retail services.’s customers utilize the website (and thereby the software associated therewith) to avail themselves of’s services.”  As a result, does did not use the LENS trademark in commerce for software. And so the CAFC upheld the Board’s ruling on Summary Judgment that the LENS mark had been abandoned: “Even viewing the evidence in a light most favorable to, there is no genuine issue of material fact in this case that’s customers actually associated the mark LENS with software.”

For the full text of the opinion, see:

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Federal Circuit reverses TTAB, sustains opposition to MILANZA tires based on Bridgestone’s POTENZA & TURANZA marks

In a decision issued today, the Federal Circuit has reverse the TTAB’s finding that there is no likelihood of confusion between Bridgestone’s POTENZA and TURANZA marks, used for tires, and Federal Corporation’s MILANZA mark, also for use with tires.  The Circuit court reversed the TTAB’s finding and sustained the opposition by Bridgestone.

The opinion of the Circuit Court is relatively straightforward. Bridgestone’s marks were found to be inherently distinctive, in use for a long period of time, and if not famous at least extensively promoted. The goods of the Applicant were identical. The TTAB had found the strength of Bridgestone’s mark to be diminished by the use of BRIDGESTONE currently in promotions.  But the Circuit agreed with Bridgestone, stating “[w]e agree that the concurrent use of the BRIDGESTONE mark does not diminish the status of POTENZA and TURANZA as strong marks for tires.” In conclusion, the court said:

In light of the identity of the goods, the lengthy prior use of POTENZA and TURANZA, the market strength of the POTENZA and TURANZA marks, and the similarities of words, sounds, and connotation with MILANZA, sufficient similarity has been shown as would be likely to cause consumer confusion, deception, or mistake. We conclude that the Board erred in denying Bridgestone’s opposition to the registration of MILANZA for intended use with tires. The Board’s decision is reversed.

For the full opinion (PDF), see here

For the audio from the Federal Circuit’s oral hearing, see here

For the TTAB decision (now reversed) see here:


CAFC rules on Coach Services, Inc. v. Triumph Learning, Inc.: affirmed regarding lack of confusion and dilution, remanded regarding acquired distinctiveness

Coach Services, Inc. v. Triumph Learning, Inc.decided by Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit on February 21, 2012.

For the full opinion of the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, see here.

For the TTAB’s earlier ruling, see here.

Brief Summary:

In September of 20102, the TTAB dismissed an opposition by Coach, the maker of handbags and accessories, against the mark COACH for educational software, holding that opposer’s likelihood of confusion and dilution claims failed. Opposer’s alternative argument that the applicant’s mark was merely descriptive was also dismissed by the Board after a finding that applicant sufficiently demonstrated acquired distinctiveness.

On appeal, the CAFC affirmed the finding dismissing the likelihood of confusion and dilution claims, but remanded regarding the acquired distinctiveness claim based on an evidenciary decision.

As a preliminary matter, the Court found that the Board properly struck opposer’s annual reports submitted as testimony because they were not submitted in accordance with the Board’s rules and were not otherwise authenticated. Opposer argued that because its annual reports from 2001 to 2008 were available online, the Board should have accepted the printed versions of the reports. Regarding the likelihood of confusion claim, the Court agreed that while the marks are identical in sound and appearance they have different meanings and commercial impressions when applied to the respective goods. After weighing the DuPont factors, the Court agreed with the Board “that customer confusion is not likely between the parties’ respective COACH marks.”

Regarding the claim of dilution, the Court agreed that the dilution claim fails because oppose did not introduce sufficient evidence to demonstrate that its mark was famous for purposes of dilution prior to the filing of applicant’s application.

Regarding the Board’s finding that applicant’s use of COACH is descriptive but has acquired distinctiveness, the Court agreed that it is descriptive. But the Court found that the Board erred regarding the handling of evidence of Applicant’s documents showing use of its mark before July 2003, and remanded to the Board to “the weight, if any, to be given to pre-July 2003 documents in the absence of any testimony authenticating them or addressing their use. The Board must then assess whether these apparent gaps in Triumph’s proofs impact the Board’s determination that the mark was in continuous use during any relevant period.”

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CAFC Affirms COLOR ME MINE appeal from TTAB

In a “per curiam” order issued today and without any discussion of the merits, the Court of Appeal for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) affirmed the TTAB’s refusal to register the COLOR ME MINE mark.

See order here (PDF):


TTAB Records

CAFC Oral Argument Audio

(logo from Opposer’s website)

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